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Library: Services

 Library Orientation


Please contact the reference desk for library orientations.  We offer both orientations for whole classes, individual, and/or small groups.
Orientations include:
  • Navigating the library website
  • How to use subject guides
  • How to access databases
  • How to search databases
  • How to checkout materials
  • How to use Interlibrary Loan
  • How to access archives materials

 Technology


  • The library currently has 13 computers for student use.
  • Free printing and photocopying is available for students.
  • Headphones are available. Please see the librarian to borrow a pair.

  Plagiarism


Accredited Schools Online has created an open-access, expert-driven guide to understanding and avoiding plagiarism.

 Copyright for Maria College

U.S. Copyright protects the rights of the legal owners of published works such as print, digital, musical composition, software, etc.  There can be many interpretations to copyright.  The most important factor is to determine fair use especially when used for higher education purposes.  As educators, copyright needs to be understood in order to establish best practices in regards to instruction at colleges and universities. 

According to Middles States Commission on Higher Education, the Standards for Accreditation and requirements of affiliation discuss principled steps and compliance for all colleges and universities.  Standard II of Middles States highlights ethics and integrity (Middle States Commission on Higher Education, 2015). 

 Review of Materials

The following materials need to be reviewed for copyright uses by instructors:  course packets, consumables, digital images for use in presentations and other displays, literary works, photocopies of materials, journal articles for distribution in class, uploading materials to BlackBoard, licensed software, etc.

 Circular 21-Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians

Circular 21 provides information for educators on what is permissible and restricted in regards to published works.  Guidelines are best explained in on pages 6-7 of Circular 21.  The chart identifies permissible and restricted uses for educators according to Circular 21:

Type of Material
Law
Allowable
Restricted

A chapter from a book, an article from a periodical or newspaper, a short story, short essay or short poem, chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical, or newspaper. (Circular 21, p. 6)

One photocopy can be made for use by instructor for research purposes or preparation of class material only. (Circular 21, p.6)

Yes.  (Circular 21, p.6)

Multiple copies.  However, if the instructor makes a copy for classroom instruction purposes only for each student, it is allowable.  (Circular 21, p.6)

Copy should not be intended to replace copyrighted book or a consumable. (Circular 21, p.7).

A chapter from a book, an article from a periodical or newspaper, a short story, short essay or short poem, chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical, or newspaper.(Circular 21, p.6)

One photocopy per student can be made per class if it meets the following criterion:  brevity, spontaneity, and cumulative effect. (Circular 21, p.6)

Page 6 of Circular 21 explains in detail of what brevity means for poetry, prose, illustration, special works.  For spontaneity, the motivation has to be for immediate use by the instructor without having sufficient time to obtain copyright. (Circular 21, p.6) Please see page Page 7 of Circular 21 for details on cumulative effect including copying of materials for one course per semester and making copies by one author. (Circular 21, p.7)   

Copy should not be purposed to replace copyrighted book or other written work or a consumable. (Circular 21, p.7).  Cost for student should only be for the amount of photocopies. (Circular 21, p.7)

Music-recording or print

A copy can be used for immediate use if the original is not found.  However, purchased copy must be used in due time.  (Circular 21, p.8) Printed copies of music may be shortened if the work is not compromised. (Circular 21, p.8). 

Yes. (Circular 21, p.8)

Copy should not be purposed to replace copyrighted sheet music or recording or a consumable. (Circular 21, p.8).  Copies should not be reproduced with the intention of taking the place of the cost of whole works.  (Circular 21, p.8).

Off-air recordings

Can be recorded. (Circular 21, p.23) May be viewed in parts or as a whole (Circular 21, p.24)

Must be viewed within 45 days after airing for educational purposes only.  Then, it must be deleted.  (Circular 21, p.23)

Not allowed to be viewed again. (Circular 21, p.23) For more detailed information, view pp. 23-24 of Circular 21.  (Circular 21, pp.23-24). 

Videos, DVDs, Film

In order to have a public performance of a video, DVD, or film, the institution must purchase public performance rights. (From ALA fact sheet 7, 2002)  No copying or changing of formats is allowed. (Copyright for Libraries: Videos/Movies)

It is allowed to view a video, dvd, or film for classroom use only.  (From ALA fact sheet 7, 2002)

According to the TEACH Act of 2002 regarding distance education, it is not allowable to place whole video, dvd, or film on media platforms.  However, it may be allowed according to fair use.  Only portions related to the classroom content is allowed. (From ALA faq sheet, 2002) 

Computer Software

You are allowed to make one copy of computer software for archival reasons only for the library. (IFLA, 1986)

Multiple use on computers is allowable according to purchased licensed agreements. 

 

TEACH Act of 2002-Distance Education

Upholds law for distance learning.  Fair use can take precedent. (From ALA.teachact faq)  The policy, the institution implements must be posted. (Copyright.com pdf, 2011)  All documents online need to be clearly labeled with a copyright notice. (Copyright.com pdf, 2011) Technological protocols need to be established for compliance including: setting time outs, password protected, etc. (Copyright.com pdf, 2011)

Linking all webpages, websites.  References of documents must be used to access journal articles, etc. (ALA teachact faq)

No scanned in textbook, course packet, book, video etc. is allowed to be posted online. No conversion of format is allowed to upload to online platform.  (Copyright.com pdf, 2011 & ALA teachact faq)

Library Reserves (for instructors)

Public Domain-the work has to be out of copyright.  A book may be placed on reserve indefinitely if it is in public domain.  Please review link by Cornell University regarding public domain (Cornell University public domain pdf, 2016).

One photocopy can be made by the library. (Circular 21, p.11).  Copyright notice must be displayed on copy. (Circular 92, statute 108)

Most colleges keep the photocopied item at circulation/reserve desk for one semester only. 

American Library Association. (2002). Video and copyright: ALA Library fact sheet 7.  Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/Template.cfm?Section=libraryfactsheet&Template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=24635.

American Library Association. (n.d.) The TEACH act and some frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/advocacy/copyright/teachact/faq.

American Library Association. (2017) Copyright for Libraries: Videos/Movies. Retrieved from http://libguides.ala.org/copyright/video.

Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.. (2011). The TEACH act.  Retrieved from http://www.copyright.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/CR-Teach-Act.pdf.

Cornell University. (2016). Copyright term and the public domain in the United States [pdf]. Retrieved from http://copyright.cornell.edu/resources/docs/copyrightterm.pdf

Hutchings Reed, M. & Stanek, D. International Federation of Library Associations. (1986). 1986 ALA model library and classroom use of copyrighted videotapes and computer software. Retrieved from http://archive.ifla.org/documents/infopol/copyright/ala-1.txt

Middle States Commission on Higher Education. (2015). Standards for accreditation and requirements for affiliation. Retrieved from http://www.msche.org/publications/RevisedStandardsFINAL.pdf

U.S. Copyright Office, The Library of Congress. (2014). Circular 21: Reproduction of copyrighted works by educators and librarians. Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ21.pdf

U.S. Copyright Office, the Library of Congress. (n.d.) Copyright Law of the United States of America and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code Circular 92 Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#108